The Species Composition of Malaria Mosquitoes in the Kharkov Region (Ukraine): Natural Factors of Malaria Spread

  • Ludmyla Gazzavi-Rogozina
  • Olga Filiptsova
  • Olga Naboka
  • Alexandr Ochkur
Keywords: Malaria, Anopheles genus, epidemiology, evaluation of abundance, hydrotechnical measures

Abstract

Objective: Article describes the species composition of malaria mosquitoes dominating in the Kharkov region, Ukraine, season of their possible effective infection, as well as antimalarial precautions taken.Methods: When collecting the material, the conventional methods of evaluation of abundance of mosquitoes were used. Collection of larvae and pupae was carried out with standard butterfly net or photo tray with subsequent recalculation per m2. Results: On the territory of the region were studied 30 species of bloodsucking mosquitoes of such three genera as Anopheles, Culex, Aedes were found.Conclusion: Facts demonstrate the favorable environmental conditions for malaria spread such as; increase in the number of vectors, increase in precipitation, long temperature period of transmission of infection.

References

Vythilingam I, Phetsouvanh R, Keokenchanh K, Yengmala V, Vanisaveth V, Phompida S et al. The prevalence of Anopheles (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes in Sekong Province, Lao PDR in relation to malaria transmission. Trop Med Int Health. 2003; 8:525-35.

Ali WN, Ahmad R, Nor ZM, Ismail Z, Lim LH. Population dynamics of adult mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in malaria endemic villages of Kuala Lipis, Pahang, Malaysia. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2011; 42:259-67.

Hii JL, Smith T, Mai A, Ibam E, Alpers MP. Comparison between anopheline mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) caught using different methods in a malaria endemic area of Papua New Guinea. Bull Entomol Res. 2000; 90:211-9.

Bezzhonova OV, Babuadze GA, Gordeev MI, Zvantsov AB, Ezhov MN, Imnadze P et al. Malaria mosquitoes of the Anopheles maculipennis (Diptera, Culicidae) complex in Georgia Med Parazitol (Mosk). 2008; 3:32-6.

Shin EH, Lee WJ, Lee HI, Lee DK, Klein TA. Seasonal population density and daily survival of anopheline mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in a malaria endemic area, Republic of Korea. J Vector Ecol. 2005; 30:33-40.

Alten B, Kempen H, Fontenille D. Malaria in southern Europe: resurgence from the past. In Takken W, Knols BGJ, editors. Emerging pests and vector-borne diseases in Europe. Wageningen (the Netherlands): Wageningen Academic Publishers; 2007. p. 35-58.

Toty C, Barre H, Le Goff G, Larget-Thiery I, Rahola N, Couret D et al. Malaria risk in Corsica, former hot spot of malaria in France. Malar J. 2010; 9:231.

Baldari M, Tamburro A, Sabatinelli G, Romi R, Severini C, Cuccagna G et al. Malaria in Maremma, Italy. Lancet. 1998; 351:1246-7.

Boccolini D, Toma L, Di Luca M, Severini F, Cocchi M, Bella A et al. Impact of environmental changes and human-related factors on the potential malaria vector, Anopheles labranchiae (Diptera: Culicidae), in Maremma, Central Italy. J. Med Entomol. 2012; 49:833-42.

Becker N, Petric D, Zgomba M, Boase C, Madon M, Dahl C et al. Mosquitoes and their control. Second ed. Berlin: Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg; 2010; 577.

Schaffner F, Angel G, Geoffroy B, Hervy JP, Rhaiem A, J. B. The mosquitoes of Europe (CD ROM). Montpellier, France: IRD Edition and EID Méditerranée; 2001.

Yurttas H, Alten B. Geographic differentiation of life table attributes among Anopheles sacharovi (Diptera: Culicidae) populations in Turkey. J Vector Ecol. 2006; 31:275-84.

Merdic E. Checklist of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) of Croatia. European Mosquito Bulletin. 2004; 17:8-13.

Patsoula E, Samanidou-Voyadjoglou A, Spanakos G, Kremastinou J, Nasioulas G, Vakalis NC. Molecular characterization of the Anopheles maculipennis complex during surveillance for the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens. Med Vet Entomol. 2007; 21:36-43.

Romi R, Boccolini D, Hovanesyan I, Grigoryan G, Di Luca M, Sabatinell G. Anopheles sacharovi (Diptera: Culicidae): a reemerging malaria vector in the Ararat Valley of Armenia. J Med Entomol. 2002; 39:446-50.

Alten B, Caglar SS, Simsek FM, Kaynas S. Effect of insecticide-treated bednets for malaria control in Southeast Anatolia. Turkey. J Vector Ecol. 2003; 28:97-107.

Danis K, Baka A, Lenglet A, Van Bortel W, Terzaki I, Tseroni M et al. Autochthonous Plasmodium vivax malaria in Greece, 2011. Euro Surveill. 2011; 16:19993.

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Meeting Report: Consultation on Plasmodium vivax transmission risk in Europe, Stockholm 17-18 January 2012. Stockholm: ECDC, 2012.

Hellenic Center for Disease Prevention and Control. Epiemiological Surveillance Report, Malaria in Greece, 2013. Athens; 2013.

Vakali A, Patsoula E, Spanakos G, Danis K, Vassalou E, Tegos N, et al. Malaria in Greece, 1975 to 2010. Euro Surveill. 2012; 17:20322.

Kousoulis AA, Chatzigeorgiou KS, Danis K, Tsoucalas G, Vakalis N, Bonovas S et al. Malaria in Laconia, Greece, then and now: a 2500-year-old pattern. Int J Infect Dis. 2013; 17:e8-e11.

Prudkina NS. Krovososuschie dvukryilyie nasekomyie. Fauna, biologiya, ekologiya, mediko-veterinarnoe znachenie. Uchebnoe posobie: H. Kollegium; 2011 (in Russian).

Sheremet VP. Krovosisni komarI Ukrayini. Navchalniy posIbnik dlya studentIv bIologIchnogo fakultetu. K.: “KiYivskiy unIversitet”; 1998 (in Russian).

Zvantsov AB, Ezhov MN, Artemev MM. Perenoschiki malyarii (Diptera, Culicidae, Anopheles) sodruzhestva nezavisimyih gosudarstv (SNG). Kopengagen: Vsemirnaya organizatsiya zdravoohraneniya. Evropeyskoe regionalnoe byuro. Programma «Obratim vspyat malyariyu»; 2003 (in Russian).

Statistical data of the Ukrainian Center of Control and Monitoring of Diseases at the Ministry of Health of Ukraine (http://ucdc.gov.ua/en/).

https://www.timeanddate.com/weather/ukraine/kharkiv/historic.

Kasap H, Kasap M, Alptekin D, Herath PRJ. Insecticide resistance in Anopheles sacharovi Favre in southern Turkey. Bull World Health Organ. 2000; 78:687-92 (in Russian).

Published
2016-12-26
Section
Original Research