Metabolic Syndrome and Cardiovascular Problems Associated with Different Types of Diet
Keywords:Metabolic syndrome, Cardiovascular, Diet-Induced, Fructose, High Fat, Cafeteria
Metabolic syndrome (MS) is an important health issue all over the world. Diagnosis of the disease depends on the presence of obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, glucose intolerance and insulin resistance. These are the main risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Because the most important reason of death is cardiovascular diseases, treatment of MS is essential. There are many types of diet for MS in literature. Not all types of diet can change all metabolic parameters. Cardiovascular disorders may not be seen depending on the diet type. For this reason, it is important for researchers to find appropriate diet type for their study. Present review includes effects of four frequently used diets on the cardiovascular system and metabolic parameters. High fat and high carbohydrate combinations were used in these diets. In this review, species, age and gender of the experimental animal; durations and ingredients of the diets were summarized. The largest increase in metabolic parameters and the abundant number of cardiovascular disorders was found out in high fructose diets. Loss of function in the aorta and the heart was detected similarly in all four diets. Our review which summarizes effects of four different types of diet may facilitate discovery of novel treatments on the metabolic syndrome and related cardiovascular diseases.