Routine Histopathological Evaluation in Benign Anorectal Interventions: Essentiality or Excess?

Routine histopathology in anorectal interventions


  • ramazan kozan 03122025708


Anal fistula, anal fissure, hemorrhoid, human papilloma virus, pathology, routine histopathologic examination


Objective: To evaluate the necessity of routine histopathological examination in benign anorectal surgeries and explore the potential for a selective approach based on patient characteristics.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients who underwent surgery for benign anorectal diseases between January 2013 and December 2023. Demographic data, surgical procedures, and histopathological findings were assessed.

Results: Among 830 patients, 482 underwent histopathological examination. No malignancy was detected. However, human papilloma virus (HPV)-related lesions were diagnosed in 2.1% of patients. A retrospective design and limited patient population were identified as major limitations.

Conclusion: Routine histopathological examination may be unnecessary for benign anorectal surgeries in patients without HPV-related risk factors. Further large-scale studies are required to determine criteria for selective examination, optimizing resource utilization in clinical practice.






Original Research