Wilson Disease in Turkish Population: Molecular Insight of an Old Disease with Reported and Novel ATP7B Variants


  • Abdullatif Bakır


Wilson hastalığı, ATP7B geni, Varyantlar


Objective: Wilson's disease (WD) is a rare autosomal recessive genetic liver disorder with hepatic, neurological, or psychiatric manifestations between 1st to 5th decades. WD is caused by homozygous or compound heterozygous pathogenic variants in the ATP7B gene. In this study, we aimed to contribute to the ATP7B gene variant spectrum in the Turkish population of WD patients.

Methods: We investigated 46 patients from 49 families to determine the underlying molecular etiology of WD. DNA samples were extracted from peripheral blood. The molecular genetic diagnosis was conducted using the next-generation sequencing (NGS) method.

Results: In molecular genetic analysis, we revealed 26 different variants, two of which were novel c.1707+4A>G (IVS4+4A>G) and p.M497K in 34 patients from 31 different families. p.M769Hfs*26 was the variant with the highest allele frequency at 11.3%, followed by the p.H1069Q variant (8%). The classification of the variants according to the molecular mechanism was as follows; missense 61.5%, splice site and frameshift 15.4%, and non-sense 0.08%.

Conclusions: In this study, we aimed to contribute the variant spectrum of the ATP7B gene in the Turkish population and the genetic profile of the WD with the obtained data.








Original Research