Jehovah’s Witness Patient Undergoing Major Surgery: Methods to Minimize Blood Loss

  • T Kumaravadivel Dharmalingam Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Kota Kinabalu
  • Constance Liew Sat Lin Universiti Malaysia Sabah
  • Rajesh Kumar Muniandy Universiti Malaysia Sabah


Jehovah's Witnesses are a group of people who refuses to get blood transfusions and blood products due to their faith. Due to this, Jehovah's Witness patients who are planned for major surgical procedures are always a challenge for both surgeons and anaesthetist. Surgical and anaesthetic techniques must be aimed at minimising blood loss. We are reporting a peri-operative management for a Jehovah's Witness patient scheduled for a major surgery. This article emphasizes the techniques to minimize blood lose, in order to avoid blood transfusion.

Author Biographies

T Kumaravadivel Dharmalingam, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Kota Kinabalu
Anaesthetist, Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Constance Liew Sat Lin, Universiti Malaysia Sabah
Medical Lecturer, Medical Based Department
Rajesh Kumar Muniandy, Universiti Malaysia Sabah
Medical Lecturer, Medical Based Department


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