Pilomatricoma of the Retroauricular Area

  • Selin Üstün Bezgin Istanbul Kanuni Sultan Education and Research Hospital
  • Raşit Cevizci Istanbul Medipol University, Faculty of Medicine
  • Ahmet Keleş Istanbul Medipol University, Faculty of Medicine
  • Elif Çalış Istanbul Medipol University, Faculty of Medicine
  • Yıldırım Ahmet Bayazıt Istanbul Medipol University, Faculty of Medicine
Keywords: Pilomatricoma, skin neoplasm, calcifying epitelioma.

Abstract

Pilomatricoma is a benign skin tumor of hair matrix cells. The head and neck is the most commonly affected site of the body. This article describes 41 year-old man who referred to our clinic with an asymptomatic, slow-growing mass on the right retroauricular, suboccipital region. The tumor was excised and histopathologically diagnosed as pilomatricoma. Because of its frequency and predilection of head and neck region, otolaryngologists should be familiar of this tumor.

Author Biographies

Selin Üstün Bezgin, Istanbul Kanuni Sultan Education and Research Hospital
Otorhinolaryngology Department
Raşit Cevizci, Istanbul Medipol University, Faculty of Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Department
Ahmet Keleş, Istanbul Medipol University, Faculty of Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Department
Elif Çalış, Istanbul Medipol University, Faculty of Medicine
Department of Pathology
Yıldırım Ahmet Bayazıt, Istanbul Medipol University, Faculty of Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Department

References

Malherbe A, Chenantais J. Note sur l'epitheliome calcifie des glandes sebacees, Prog. Med. 1880; 8: 826–37.

Forbis R, Helwig EB. Pilomatrixoma (calcifying epithelioma), Arch. Dematol. 1961; 83: 606–7.

Arnold HL. Pilomatricoma, Arch. Dermatol. 1977; 113.

Marrogi, A. J., Wick, M. R., and Dehner, L. P. Pilomatrical neoplasms in children and young adults.Am. J.Dermatopathol. 1992; 14: 87.

Lan MY, Lan MC, Ho CY, Li WY, Lin CZ. Pilomatricoma of the head and neck: a retrospective review of 179 cases.Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2003; 129: 1327–30.

Ashkan Pirouzmanesh, B.S., John F. Reinisch, M.D., Ignacio Gonzalez-Gomez, M.D.,Ebonie M. Smith, B.A., and John G. Meara, M.D., D.M.D. Pilomatrixoma: A Review of 346 Cases.Plast Reconst Surg. 2003;112: 1784-9.

Goufman LTDB, Murrell CDRGL, Watkins CDRDV. Quiz case 2: diagnosis: pilomatricoma (calcifying epitelioma of Malherbe). Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2001: 127: 218-20.

Harper, P. S. Calcifying epithelioma of Malherbe: Association with myotonic muscular dystrophy.Arch. Dermatol. 1972; 106: 52.

Hashimoto, K., Magré, L. A., and Lever, W. F. Electron microscopic identification of viral particles in calcifying epithelioma induced by polyoma virus. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 1967; 39: 977.

Kajino, Y., Yamaguchi, A., Hashimoto, N., Matsuura, A., Sato, N., and Kikuchi, K. -Catenin gene mutation in human hair follicle-related tumors. Pathol. Int. 2001; 51: 543.

Kwon D, Grekov K, Krishnan M, Dyleski R. Characteristic of pilomatrixoma in children : A review of 137 patients. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 2014; 78: 1337–41.

Duflo S, Nicollas R, Roman S, Magalon G, Triglia JM. Pilomatrixoma of the head and neck in children: a study of 38 cases and a review of the literature, Arch. Otol. 1998; 124: 1239–42.

Gupta V, Marwah N, Jain P, Dua S, Gupta S, Sen R. Diagnostic pitfalls of pilomatricoma on fine needle aspiration cytology, Iran J. Dermatol. 2012; 15: 59–61.

Trufant J, Kurz W, Frankel A, Muthusamy V, McKinnon W, Greenblatt M, Lazar A, Cook D, Bosenberg MJ. Familial multiple pilomatrixomas as a presentation of attenuated adenomatosis polyposis coli. J. Cutan. Pathol. 2012; 39: 440-3.

Schwarz Y, Pitaro J, Waissbluth S, Daniel SJ. Review of head and neck pilomatrixoma. Int Ped Otorhinolaryngol. 2016; 39:573.

O’Connor N, Patel M, Umar T, Marcpherson DW, Ethunandan M. Head and neck pilomatricoma: an analysis of 201 cases. British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 2011; 49: 354–8.

Aydın S, Bilmez ZE, Erdoğdu S, Altintoprak N, Kayıpmaz Ş. Complicated Giant Pilomatrixoma of the Parotid Region. J Maxillofac Oral Surg. 2016;15111-5.

Wang J, Cobb CJ, Martin SE, Venegas R, Wu N, Greaves TS. Pilomatrixoma: clinicopathologic study of 51 cases with emphasis on cytologic features.Diagn Cytopathol 2002; 27: 167–72.

Boyd AS, Martin RW III. Pilomatricoma (calcified epitelioma of Malherbe) with secondary ossification. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1992; 118: 212-5.

Hardisson D, Linares MD, Cuevas-Santos J, Contreras F. Pilomatrix carcinoma: a clinicopathologic study of six cases and review of the literature.Am J Dermatopathol 2001; 23: 394–401.

Walker DM, Dowthwaite S, Cronin D, Molden-Hauer T, McMonagle B. Metastatic pilomatrix carcinoma: Not so rare after all? A case report and review of the literature. Ear Nose Throat J. 2016;95:117-20.

Published
2016-12-26