Endgame Strategies for Filariasis Elimination 2021 in South East Asia

Main Article Content

Diana Safraa Selimin
Lavanyah Sivaratnam
Chin Mun Wong
Mohd Rohaizat Hassan
Qistina Mohd Ghazali
Muhammad Aklil Abd Rahim
Syed Sharizman Syed Abdul Rahim
Firdaus Hayati
Mohammad Saffree Jeffree

Abstract

Objectives: Lymphatic filariasis is among neglected tropical diseases in South East Asia and Western Pacific Regions. It causes high morbidity due to a permanent disability that affects the lymphatic system drainage among those who were infected. The Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis launched by the World Health Organization to eliminate lymphatic filariasis. This review aims to find out how far the implementation of end game strategies in South East Asia countries through comparison of the prevalence, mass drug administration regimes used, programme coverage and programme challenges.


Methods: A systematic search on articles related to lymphatic filariasis elimination programme in South East Asia was conducted using three databases namely Cochrane Library, PubMed and Ovid Medline. All the articles which were published within the year 2013 till 2018 assessed using the PRISMA checklist.


Results: A total of five articles included in this review based on the PRISMA checklist. All countries in the studies showed mass drug administration (MDA) programme coverage of more than 65%. Albendazole and Diethylcarbamazine Citrate during MDA have shown to be an effective combination with an obvious reduction in the lymphatic filariasis prevalence post-MDA.


Conclusions: Endgame strategies for lymphatic filariasis elimination are effective to reduce the prevalence of lymphatic filariasis. Hence, it is possible to achieve lymphatic filariasis elimination, through comprehensive programme strategies as well as extensive involvement of stakeholders that support the programme. However, it is crucial to overcome the programme challenges so that the journey towards lymphatic filariasis elimination year 2021 could be achieved smoothly.

Article Details

Section
Literature Review With Cases
Author Biographies

Diana Safraa Selimin, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Lavanyah Sivaratnam, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Chin Mun Wong , Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Mohd Rohaizat Hassan, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Qistina Mohd Ghazali, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Muhammad Aklil Abd Rahim, Department of Community and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Department of Community and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Syed Sharizman Syed Abdul Rahim, Department of Community and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Department of Community and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Firdaus Hayati, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Mohammad Saffree Jeffree, Department of Community and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Department of Community and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia