Association between Mindfulness with Depression and Anxiety in Patients with Diabetes in Gorgan

  • Mahboobeh Zahedi
  • Arash Rezaei Shahmirzadi
  • Mohammad Taghi Badeleh
  • Reza Mohammadi
  • Farzam Mirkamali
  • Maryam Zahedi
Keywords: Anxiety, depression, diabetes mellitus, mindfulness

Abstract

Introduction: This research was aimed to seek the association between mindfulness with depression and anxiety in patients with diabetes attended to diabetes ward in 5Azar hospital in Gorgan city. Method: A cross-sectional survey was done on 323 patients with diabetes attended to diabetes ward of 5Azar hospital in Gorgan city that were selected using convenient sampling and Krejcie and Morgan table. The current instruments were included mindfulness questionnaire, Beck Anxiety and Depression Scale and demographic questionnaire. To analysis, software (version 20), and inferential statistical test such as spearman correlation coefficient, independent t-test and Mann‐Whitney were utilized. Results: Stated that most patients (82%) were married, and 76.8 % were unemployed. There were negative and significant correlation between mindfulness and depression (r = -0.51, p=0.001) and between mindfulness and anxiety (r=-0.72, p=0.001). In addition, gender was remarkably associated with depression and anxiety (p=0.045). Conclusion: Medical and psychiatric counseling for early detection, developing programs related to prevention and promotion of diabetes, and also psychological training particularly mindfulness appeared to be likely useful.

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Published
2019-06-21
Section
Original Research