Clinical Diagnosis of Chorioretinitis Sclopetaria in a Patient Presenting without a History of Trauma

  • Yaran Koban Kafkas University, Kars,Turkey
  • Orhan Ayar
  • Mustafa Koc
  • Sibel Karayol
Keywords: Chorioretinitis, choroid injuries, sclopetaria, trauma

Abstract

Chorioretinitis sclopetaria is a rare and unique manifestation of ocular trauma caused by high-velocity objects that pass adjacent to, but do not penetrate the globe. In these patients, anamnesis is very helpful for diagnosis and it is not expected that a patient could completely forget the trauma as these traumas are generally severe. Diagnosis can be difficult in the case of patients who do not state trauma in anamnesis as in our case. It is crucial to recognize the pathognomonic fundus findings in this rarely seen condition because these findings are invaluable in the absence of history of trauma. In this case report, we describe a case of chorioretinitis sclopetaria who was injured with a ball-bearing (BB) gun in childhood and did not realize.

References

Pieramici DJ. Vitreoretinal trauma. Ophthalmol Clin North Am 2002;15:225–34.

Mohammadpour M, Soheilian M. Concomitant optic nerve transec-tion and chorioretinitis sclopetaria. BMC Ophthalmol 2005;5:29.

Fraser EJ, Haug SJ, McDonald HR. Clinical presentation of chori-oretinitis sclopetaria. Retin Cases Brief Rep. 2014;8:257-9.

Papakostas TD, Yonekawa Y, Skondra D, Vavvas DG. Traumatic cho-rioretinal rupture (sclopetaria). Int Ophthalmol Clin. 2013;53:119-25.

Beatty S, Smyth K, Au Eong KG, Lavin MJ. Chorioretini-tis sclopetaria. Injury 2000;31:55-60.

Ahmadabadi MN, Karkhaneh R, Roohipoor R, Tabatabai A, Ali-mardani A. Clinical presentation and outcome of chorioretinitis sclopetaria: a case series study. Injury 2010;41:82-5.

MacKenzie K, Verity D, Ali N. Traumatic transection of the lateral rectus muscle with chorioretinitis sclopetaria. Strabismus 2015;23:36–8.

Ahmadabadi MN, Karkhaneh R, Valeshabad AK, Tabatabai A, Jager MJ, Ahmadabadi EN. Clinical presentation and outcome of perfo-rating ocular injuries due to BB guns: A case series. Injury 2011;42:492-5.

Dubovy SR, Guyton DL, Green WR. Clinicopathologic correlation of chorioretinitis sclopetaria.Retina 1997;17:510-20.

Artunay O, Rasier R, Yuzbasioglu E, Sengül A, Bahcecioglu H.. In-travitreal bevacizumab injection in patients with choroidal neovas-cularization due to choroid rupture after blunt-head trauma. Int Ophthalmol 2009;29:289-91.

Richards RD, West CE, Meisels AA. Chorioretinitis sclopetaria. Am J Ophthalmol 1968;66:852–60.

Martin DF, Awh CC, McCuen BW, Jaffe GJ, Slott JH, Machemer R. Treatment and pathogenesis of traumatic chorioretinal rupture (sclopetaria). Am J Ophthalmol 1994;117:190–200.

Carlos A. Medina, Justin H. Townsend, Arun D. Singh. Manual of Retinal Diseases: A Guide to Diagnosis and Management. 1th ed. Springer International Publishing, Switzerland. pp. 25-28.

Published
2018-12-20