The Immunohistochemical Expression of Matrix Metalloproteinases-2 and -9 in Low-Grade Appendiceal Mucinous Neoplasms: May These Neoplasms be Non-Invasive?
AbstractObjective: Low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasms (LAMN) are debated about their potential to cause invasion and pseudomyxoma peritoneii (PMxP). Our aim was to examine these neoplasms by two invasion markers: matrix metalloproteinases- 2 and -9 (MMP). Methods: Twenty-eight cases of mucinous adenomas, LAMNs and adenocarcinomas were included. Immunohistochemistry of MMP-2 and -9 were applied and scored. Results: Overall, the majority of LAMNs were negative by these two markers. Conclusion: LAMNs may not actually have an invasive nature but still they can cause PMxP. These patients should be followed.
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