Gastric Polyps: A Retrospective Analysis of Endoscopic Biopsies: A Single Center Study in Central Anatolia

  • Hilal Erinanc Baskent university Medicine Faculty Pathology Department
  • Gulhan Kanat Ünler
  • Hüseyin Savaş Göktürk
  • Gulsum Teke Özgür

Abstract

Objective:  Gastric polyps accounts for %6 of gastrointestinal endoscopy. Geographical differences occur in the prevalence of them. We aimed to determine the spectrum of gastric polyps . Matherial and method: Data including demographics, medical history and histological characteristics of polyps and Helicobacter pylori were obtained retrospectively. Results: Of the 24568 endoscopies performed, 184 patients were identified as having gastric polyps. The most frequently encountered  were hyperplastic polyps (62%), followed by fundic gland polyps (19,3%) and adenomatous polyps (3, 8%).  The corpus (36,4 % ) was the most common site and the antrum (25%) was the second. Female patients were more affected than male patients (64,7%). Majority of the polyps (88%) were smaller than 1 cm in diameter. The mean age was 62,10+13,4 (range:30-90) years. Fundic gland polyps were observed at younger age (mean age: 56,58) compared to other gastric polyps. Intestinal metaplasia was more frequently encountered in hyperplastic polyps than in fundic gland polyps. Conclusion:   In this study, hyperplastic polyps are the most common in our population however there was no association between the hyperplastic polyps and  H. pylori infection.  H. pylori infection ratio was similar in both hyperplastic polyps and fundic gland polyps however all of the patient have chronic gastritis. This findings suggest chronic gastritis also play role in hyperplastic polyps development.  The study also showed that H. Pylori infection is still common in our country and further studies need to find efficacy of H.pylori treatment.  

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Published
2019-10-01
Section
Original Research