Çocuklarda Konjenital ve Edinsel Meme Hastalıkları
AbstractÇocuklarda memenin çeşitli konjenital ve neoplastik lezyonları görülür. Çoğu zaman bu hastalıklar iyi huylu ve geçici olsa da ebeveynler ve çocuk veya adolesan tarafından büyük bir sorun olarak düşünülür ve anksiyeteye kapılırlar. Memenin konjenital ve normal meme gelişimi bilindiğinde çoğu selim patolojinin tedavisi ve tanısı sorunsuz olarak hatta cerrahi prosedüre gerek kalmadan halledilebilir. Bu derleme de çocukluk çağı sık görülen meme lezyonlarının tanı ve tedavisinden bahsedilecektir.
Eidlitz-Markus T, Mukamel M, Haimi-Cohen Y, Amir J, Zeharia A. Breast asymmetry during adolescence: physiologic and non-physiologic causes. Isr Med Assoc J 2010;12:203-6.
Kulkarni D, Dixon JM. Congenital abnormalities of the breast. Womens Health (Lond Engl) 2012;8:75-86
Greydanus DE, Matytsina L, Gains M. Breast disorders in children and adolescents. Prim Care 2006;33:455-502.
Curfman AL, Reljanovic SM, McNelis KM, et al. Premature thelarche in infants and toddlers: prevalence, natural history and environmental determinants. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2011; 24:338-41
Ciftci AO, Tanyel FC, Buyukpamukcu N, Hicsonmez A. Female breast masses during childhood: a 25-year review.Eur J Pediatr Surg 1998;8:67-70.
Greydanus DE, Parks DS, Farrell EG. Breast disorders in children and adolescents.Pediatr Clin North Am 1989;36:601-38.
Türkyilmaz Z, Karabulut R, Sönmez K, Can Başaklar A. A striking and frequent cause of premature thelarche in children: Foeniculum vulgare. J Pediatr Surg 2008;43:2109-11.
Caouette-Laberge L, Borsuk D. Congenital anomalies of the breast. Semin Plast Surg. 2013;27(1):36-41.
Durgun M, Ozakpinar HR, Selçuk CT, Sarici M, Ceran C, Seven E. Inverted nipple
correction with dermal flaps and traction. Aesthetic Plast Surg 2014;38:533-9.
Cerrato F, Webb ML, Rosen H, et al. The impact of macromastia on adolescents: a cross-sectional study. Pediatrics 2012;130:e339-46.
Kolker AR, Collins MS. Tuberous breast deformity: classification and treatment strategy for improving consistency in aesthetic correction. Plast Reconstr Surg 2015;135:73-86.
Sonmez K, Turkyilmaz Z, Karabulut R, et al. Surgical breast lesions in adolescent patients and a review of the literature.Acta Chir Belg 2006;106:400-4.
Demir K, Unuvar T, Eren S, Abaci A, Bober E. Tamoxifen as first-line treatment in a premenarchal girl with juvenile breast hypertrophy. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2010;23:e133-6.
Imamoglu M, Cay A, Reis A, Ozdemir O, Sapan L, Sarihan H. Bloody nipple discharge in children: possible etiologies and selection of appropriate therapy.Pediatr Surg Int 2006; 22:158-63.
Weimann E.Clinical management of nipple discharge in neonates and children. J Paediatr Child Health 2003;39:155-6.
Panteli C, Arvaniti M, Zavitsanakis A. Long-term consequences of neonatal mastitis. Arch Dis Child 2012;97:673-4.
Amin AL, Purdy AC, Mattingly JD, Kong AL, Termuhlen PM. Benign breast disease. Surg Clin North Am 2013;93:299-308.
Michala L, Tsigginou A, Zacharakis D, Dimitrakakis C. Breast disorders in girls and adolescents. Is there a need for a specialized service? J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2015;28:91-4.
Salemis NS, Vasilara G, Lagoudianakis E. Mondor's disease of the breast as a complication of ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy: management and review of the literature. Breast Dis 2015;35:73-6.
Acer T, Derbent M, Hiçsönmez A. Bloody nipple discharge as a benign, self-limiting disorder in young children: A systematic review including two related case reports. J Pediatr Surg 2015;50:1975-82.
Gupta RK, Gaskell D, Dowle CS, et al. The role of nipple discharge cytology in the diagnosis of breast disease: a study of 1948 nipple discharge smears from 1530 patients. Cytopathology 2004;15:326-30.
Ozumba BC, Nzegwu MA, Anyikam A, Okoye I, Okafor OC. Breast disease in children and adolescents in eastern Nigeria--a five-year study. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2009;22:169-72.
Gangopadhyay M, Chakrabarti I, Ghosh P, Ghosh N, Sinha MG. Fine needle aspiration cytology of non-hematological neoplasms in pediatric age group: Our experience. J Cytol 2015;32:165-9.
Stehr KG, Lebeau A, Stehr M, Grantzow R. Fibroadenoma of the breast in an 11-year-old girl. Eur J Pediatr Surg 2004;14:56-9.
Knell J, Koning JL, Grabowski JE. Analysis of surgically excised breast masses in 119 pediatric patients. Pediatr Surg Int 2016;32:93-6.
Foxcroft LM, Evans EB, Hİrst C, Hicks BJ. Presentation and diagnosis of adolescent breast disease. Breast 2001; 10: 399-404.
Kuijper A, Mommers EC, van Der Wall E, van Diest PJ. Histopathology of fibroadenoma of the breast. Am J Clin Pathol 2001; 115: 736-42.
Gobbi D, Dall'Igna P, Alaggio R, Nitti D, Cecchetto G. Giant fibroadenoma of the breast in adolescents: report of 2 cases. J Pediatr Surg 2009;44: e39-41.
Biggers BD, Lamont JP, Etufugh CN, Knox SK. Inframammary approach for removal of giant juvenile fibroadenomas.Am Coll Surg 2009; 208: e1-4.
Spitaleri G, Toesca A, Botteri E, et al. Breast phyllodes tumor: a review of literature and a single center retrospective series analysis. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol 2013;88:427-36.
Pistolese CA, Tanga I, Cossu E, et al. A phyllodes tumor in a child. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2009;22:e21-4.
West KW, Rescorla FJ, Scherer LR 3rd, Grosfeld JL. Diagnosis and treatment of symptomatic breast masses in the pediatric population. J Pediatr Surg 1995; 30:182-6.
Lad S, Seely J, Elmaadawi M, et al. Juvenile papillomatosis: a case report and literature review. Clin Breast Cancer 2014;14:e103-5.
Huang Y, Zhang H, Zhou Q, Ling L, Wang S. Giant tubular adenoma of the accessory breast in the anterior chest wall occurred in a pregnant woman. Diagn Pathol 2015;10:60.
Fischer S, Hirsch T, Hirche C, et al. Surgical treatment of primary gynecomastia in children and adolescents. Pediatr Surg Int 2014;30:641-7.
Gabra HO, Morabito A, Bianchi A, Bowen J. Gynaecomastia in the adolescent: a surgically relevant condition. Eur J Pediatr Surg 2004; 14: 3-6.
Gupta SS, Singh O. Cystic lymphangioma of the breast in an 8-year-old boy: report of a case with a review of the literature. Surg Today 2011;41:1314-8.
Nagar H, Marmor S, Hammar B. Haemangiomas of the breast in children. Eur J Surg 1992;158:503-5.
Shannon C, Smith IE. Breast cancer in adolescents and young women. European Journal of Cancer 2003; 39: 2632-42.
Kim JY, Kim YJ, Kim SH, Kang BJ, Song BJ. Invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast in a 14-year-old girl. Pediatr Radiol 2014;44:1446-9.
All opinions and reports within the articles that are published in the Gazi Medical Journal are the personal opinions of author(s). Gazi University, Editors and the publisher do not accept any responsibility for these articles. The journal is printed on acid-free paper.