Foreign Body Stones in the Urinary Bladder of Two Children

  • Zafer Turkyilmaz
  • Ramazan Karabulut Department of Pediatric Surgery, Gazi University Medical Faculty, Ankara
  • Suleyman Yesil
  • Fazli Polat
  • Hayrunnisa Oral
  • Teymurşah Muradi
  • Kaan Sonmez
Keywords: Bladder stone, foreign body, Ho-YAG laser lithotripter

Abstract

Bladder calculi rarelyseen in children and are usually a manifestation of an underlying pathologic condition of the lower urinary tract, metabolic disease, voiding dysfunction, urinary infection, obstruction, or foreign body retention. However, a forgotten double j stent and a ruptured Foley balloon-induced bladder stone are an unusual complication for children. We report two case of bladder stone induced by a fragment of a ruptured Foley balloon and forgotten double j stent . The bladder stone and balloon fragment and stent were successfully removed by cystoscopy by using a holmium:yttrium–aluminum-garnet (Ho-YAG) laser lithotripter

References

Nerli RB, Patil SM, Magdum P, Sharma V, Ghagane S, Hiremath MB, Dixit N. Retained Double J Stent with Huge Renal and Bladder Calculi Extracted by Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy and Percutaneous Cystolitholapaxy in a Single Encounter. J Endourol Case Rep 2017;3:67-9.

Khosa AS, Hussain M, Hussain M. Safety and efficacy of transurethral pneumatic lithotripsy for bladder calculi in children. J Pak Med Assoc 2012;62:1297-300.

Soliman NA, Rizvi SA. Endemic bladder calculi in children. Pediatr Nephrol 2017;32(9):1489-99.

Juan YS, Chen CK, Jang MY, Shen JT, Wang CJ, Chou YH, Huang CH. Foreign body stone in the urinary bladder: a case report. Kaohsiung J Med Sci 2004;20:90-2.

Kelkar V, Patil D. Management of forgotten double J stent and severe multiple large encrusted stones in the bladder and renal pelvis. Cent European J Urol 2012;65:238-41.

Eckstein HB. Endemic urinary lithiasis in Turkish children: a clinical study of 119 cases. Arch Dis Child 1961; 36:137-45.

Alpay H, Ozen A, Gokce I, Biykli N. Clinical and metabolic features of urolithiasis and microlithiasis in children. Pediatr Nephrol 2009; 24: 2203-9.

Wu FM, Lim M, Deng Z, Heng CT, Tiong HY. Successful endourological management of the 'forgotten' stent in a transplanted kidney. Urol Int 2014;92:373-6.

Aziz el M, Amrani M, Abdelhak K, Hassan FM. A fragment of Foley catheter balloon as a cause of bladder stone in woman. Pan Afr Med J 2015;21:284.

Kohler-Ockmore J, Feneley RC. Long-term catheterization of the bladder: prevalence and morbidity. Br J Urol 1996;77:347-51.

El-Faqih SR, Shamsuddin AB, Chakrabarti A, et al. Polyurethane internal ureteral stents in treatment of stone patients: Morbidity related to indwelling times. J Urol 1991;146:1817–20.

Gangkak G, Yadav SS, Tomar V, Vyas N, Jain D. Pneumatic cystolithotripsy versus holmium:yag laser cystolithotripsy in the treatment of pediatric bladder stones: a prospective randomized study. Pediatr Surg Int 2016;32:609-14.

Published
2018-09-22