Audiological Findings in Autoimmune Hepatitis: Hearing Loss at High Frequencies

  • Mehmet Düzlü Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ankara, Turkey
  • Mustafa Çolak Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital, ENT Clinic, Ankara, Turkey
  • İbrahim Koral Önal Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Gastroenterology, Ankara, Turkey
  • Hakan Tutar Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ankara, Turkey
  • Recep Karamert Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ankara, Turkey
  • Çağıl Gökdoğan Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Audiology, Ankara, Turkey
Keywords: Autoimmune, autoimmune hepatitis, hearing loss, sensorineural hearing loss, audiometry

Abstract

Objectives: In this study we aimed to examine the audiological findings in autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). Patients and Methods: Nine patients with the diagnosis of AIH were included in the study. Eighteen healthy age and sex matching volunteers constituted the control group. All the subjects underwent audiologic evaluation with pure tone and speech audiometry. Results: Pure tone air conduction threshold averages for right ears in study and control group were 10.14 ± 4.70 and 6.73 ± 1.43 dB, respectively (p=0.022). Pure tone air conduction threshold averages for left ears in study and control group were 10.42 ± 4.84 and 6.66 ± 1.35 dB, respectively (p=0.018). There was significant decline at high frequencies (4000, 6000 and 8000 Hz) in AIH group compared to healthy controls (p<0.05). Speech reception thresholds and speech discrimination percentages were also significantly decreased in AIH (p<0.05). Conclusion: In conclusion, this is the first study in the literature showing the presence of hearing loss in AIH. However further studies with larger groups and including other assessment tools such as OAE are needed.

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Published
2017-09-30
Section
Original Research