Effectiveness of Community Nurse Home Visits in Improvement of Infant Mortality and Health from the Perspectives of Community Health Nurses in Jordan

  • Mariam Kawafha
Keywords: Nurses, community health, mortality, infant, house calls, treatment outcome

Abstract

Objective: Pregnant mothers in the rural areas of Jordan are known to face multiple health risks for their infants. Currently, individuals tend to face barriers to access clinic-based services. Evidence indicates that majority of infant deaths in Jordan occur due to this reason, which can be prevented through provision and promotion of infant care practices through home visits. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of community nurse home visits from the perspectives of community health nurses to improve infant mortality rates within the rural areas of Jordan.Methods: A hundred community health nurses were recruited from the rural areas of Jordan (the response rate was 100%). Quantitative method along with descriptive techniques and Pearson correlation test is utilized for analyzing responses obtained from participants.Results: The majority of community health nurses revealed that the inclusion of community nursing is beneficial for healthcare sector. Approximately, 49% of experienced community nurses revealed that infant mortality rates can be easily controlled through home visits. A significant relationship exists between the increase in community nurse home visits and declined rates of infant mortality.Conclusion: Home visits by community nurses play a crucial role in improving infant mortality rates and health. Various interventions are required to inspect the most efficient strategy to promote infant care practices and reach families living in the rural areas of Jordan. The community health visiting profession needs to embrace the national guidelines to offer safer information to mothers during pregnancy and throughout the initial year of a child’s life.

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Published
2016-06-23
Section
Original Research