Effect of Low and High Dose Sugammadex on Erythrocyte Deformability in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats
AbstractObjective: Erythrocyte deformability is a function of specially designed erythrocyte membrane properties and allows for the oxygen delivery without cell fragmentation. Impaired erythrocyte deformability in diabetes is one of the suspected factors that result in erythrocyte aggregation and the microvascular circulatory arrest. In this study, we aimed to investigate low versus high doses of sugammadex on erythrocyte deformability in streptozototocin-induced diabetic rats.Methods: Twenty-four male Wistar albino rats weighing between 225 and 300 gr were randomly divided into 4 groups. Group C (control; n=6), Group DC (diabetes control; n=6), Group DR-16S (diabetes-rocuronium-16mg sugammadex; n=6) and Group DR-96S (diabetes- rocuronium-96mg sugammadex; n=6). Rats in control and diabetes groups received a 0.9% NaCl solution at the same volume. Diabetes was induced by a single IP injection of streptozotocin (Sigma Chemical, St. Louis, MO, USA) at a dose of 55 mg.kg-1 body weight, and animals were kept alive for 30 days. At the end of the follow-up period animals’ erythrocyte deformability was measured from blood samples.Results: Serum glucose was significantly lower in Group C as compared to Groups DC, DR-16S and DR-96S (p<0.0001). The deformability index was significantly increased in the diabetic rats (p<0.0001). It was significantly increased in Group DR-96S as compared to Group C and DC (p<0.0001, p=0.028, respectively).Conclusion: In this study, we showed the safety profile of low dose sugammadex in diabetic rats in terms of the erythrocyte deformability. Our findings may lead to future animal and human studies investigating sugammadex effects on erythrocyte deformability and micro/macrovascular circulation.
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